You have asked the following question motivate why a study on crime is important
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  • Crime opportunity theory suggests that offenders make rational choices and Thus choose targets that offer a high reward with little effort and risk [4]
  • Hence federal Hate Crime prosecutions are rare [5]
  • Hate Crimes are difficult to prosecute in part Because of the evidence needed to result in a conviction [5]
  • Though there were no specific statutes addressing them the fbi says it has been investigating what are now called Hate Crimes Since world war i [5]
  • Out of 134 cases 95% of Crimes committed were Caused by social conflict [2]
  • This is Because these offenders see these Crimes as a way to survive makkai [2]
  • Since its conception the opportunity theory has received much analysis criticism and reform [4]
  • Criminal behaviour often can occur Due to foolish choices [2]
  • We risk take for a variety of reasons maybe it’s for the adrenaline boredom or maybe it is Because we want to see how far we can push the boundaries [2]
  • A careful analysis by lawrence cohen and marcus felson 1979 showed that this increase was Due to a combination of temptation and opportunity [4]
  • Thus a single bicycle theft would have a multiplier effect leading to several bicycle thefts [4]
  • Although the Crime opportunity theory is a useful tool for evaluating Criminal environments there are numerous criticisms [4]
  • 2 458 were targeted Because of anti-black bias [5]
  • 325because of anti-muslim bias [5]
  • 864 Because of anti-white bias [5]




More detailed answers below ...


Crime prevention


  • Situational Crime Prevention introduces discrete managerial and environmental changes to reduce the opportunity for Crimes to occur [4]
  • Promote anti-bias and anti-harassment education Hate Crime Prevention and initiatives to combat bullying and cyberbullying [5]
  • Situation Crime Prevention it’s theoretical basis and practical scope. Crime and Justice 4 225-256 [4]
  • Situational Crime Prevention successful case Studies second edition [4]
  • One such study is entitled the role of opportunity in Crime Prevention and possible threats of Crime control benefits [4]
  • Implications [4]
  • Situational [9]
  • Delinquency and [9]
  • Through environmental design cpted [4]
  • Through environmental design [4]
  • Situational Crime Prevention through environmental design [4]

Crime control


  • In 1994 the violent Crime Control and law enforcement act amended the Hate Crime statistics act to include bias against persons with disabilities [5]
  • One such study is entitled the role of opportunity in Crime prevention and possible threats of Crime Control benefits [4]
  • Policy [9]
  • Politics of [9]

Crime is


  • By this he means that society determines what a Crime Is and how severe the punishment should be if one should violate the law [2]
  • Morrison 2005 supports this by stating that Crime Is more complex than just breaking the rules [2]
  • This definition indicates that Crime Is determined by the state highlighting the different societal and cultural norms of each country [2]
  • Difficult to define [2]
  • Defining Crime Is difficult as each culture Is different [2]
  • Always going to occur but law enforcement can try and reduce the levels of Crime and prevent serious Crime problems occurring [2]
  • Morrison 2005 indicates that Crime Is more complex than just breaking the rules [2]
  • Socially constructed [2]

Crime in


  • Most important all four seek to block Crime In practical natural and simple ways at low Social and economic costs [4]
  • History of Crime In the united kingdom [9]
  • Security and islam [9]

Hate crimes


  • Are difficult to prosecute in part Because of the evidence needed to result in a conviction [5]
  • Though there were no specific statutes addressing them the fbi says it has been investigating what are now called Hate Crimes Since world war i [5]
  • Nine out of 10 Hate Crimes involve Violence and in a quarter of the cases the offender has a weapon [5]
  • In 2016 about 10% of reported Hate Crimes occurred on campuses a category that includes both colleges and elementary and secondary schools [5]
  • Prevention act named for two victims of horrific Crimes based partly or wholly on their identities [5]
  • Addressing Hate Crimes on campus [5]
  • Racial bias is the motivating factor in most Hate Crimes about 60% according to the national institute of Justice [5]
  • Mission Hate Crimes 1% are committed by offenders who make a career out of Hate [5]
  • These states may elect to report Hate Crimes or not [5]
  • In nearly half of reported Hate Crimes the victim doesn’t know the offender [5]
  • In addition many agencies do not properly identify Hate Crimes in the first place [5]

Hate crime


  • Hence federal Hate Crime prosecutions are rare [5]
  • Despite being a federal law the shepard-byrd act largely relies on current state Hate Crime laws and agencies for enforcement [5]
  • When states do not have the necessary resources or authority to prosecute a Hate Crime the process is even more arduous [5]
  • However before the doj may prosecute a Hate Crime several criteria must be met [5]
  • Second many of the country’s 18 000 law enforcement agencies do a poor job collecting or categorizing Hate Crime data [5]
  • Not every incident met the definition of a Hate Crime but many did [5]
  • Sometimes a violent Crime can be considered both a Hate Crime and a terrorist attack [5]
  • In retaliatory attacks 8% culprits are acting in response to a real or perceived Hate Crime either to themselves or to their country [5]
  • Even in states with sufficient Hate Crime laws and resources prosecution is difficult [5]
  • Though Hate Crime reports that turn out to be hoaxes often generate sensational headlines the phenomenon is relatively rare [5]
  • Prosecutions [5]

Relevant Images

Below are images relevant to your question

motivate why a study on crime is importantsource:https://www.splcenter.org/sites/default/files/com_hate-crime-resources-01-main-header-1280x720.jpg

motivate why a study on crime is importantsource:https://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170426104211-what-do-the-haters-really-want-illustration-super-tease.jpg




References

  1. http://newsactivist.com/en/articles/flacks-newsactivist-winter-2015-complementary-course/crime-and-motivation-how-research
  2. https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Motivation_and_emotion/Book/2011/Criminality
  3. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4106022
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_opportunity_theory
  5. https://www.splcenter.org/20180415/hate-crimes-explained
  6. https://www.cnn.com/2017/06/02/us/who-commits-hate-crimes/index.html
  7. https://www.npr.org/2018/05/02/607652253/studies-say-illegal-immigration-does-not-increase-violent-crime
  8. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258129357_Self-Control_Thrill_Seeking_and_Crime_Motivation_Matters
  9. https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195396607/obo-9780195396607-0105.xml

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